A VISIT TO JAVA.
employed for numbers. Speaking of this alphabet as a whole, Crawfurd says* that it reaches perfection, since " it expresses every sound in the language, and every sound invariably with the same character, which never expresses but one." He concludes, " In splendour or elegance the alphabet of the Arabs and Persians is probably superior to that of the Javanese ; but the latter, it may be safely asserted, surpasses in beauty and neatness all other written characters."
Some idea of the extent of the Javanese literature may be gained from the fact that M. Vreedes recently issued account of the Javanese manuscripts in the Leiden University Library f gives the names of some five hundred manuscripts, containing no less than one hundred and fifty separate works. Andato come nearer homea the collection of the Royal Asiatic Society contains as many as forty-four Javanese manuscripts, for which the society is mainly indebted to the
* " Indian Archipelago."
f " Catalogus van de Javaansche en Madoereesche Hand-schriften der Leidsche Universiteits-Bibliotheek door A. C. Yreede. Leiden : 1892."f " Catalogus van de Javaansche en Madoereesche Hand-schriften der Leidsche Universiteits-Bibliotheek door A. C. Yreede. Leiden : 1892."