Underneath is a tablet with the following inscription :a
" In consequence of the detested memory of Peter Elberfeld\ who was punished for treason, no one shall be permitted to build in wood or stone, or to plant anything whatsoever, in these grounds from this time forth for evermore. Batavia, April 22, 1722/'*
This Peter Elberfeld was one of the many-natives who conspired from time to time against the Dutch. According to Raffles, the Dutch administration of Java was distinguished from the very first by a " haughty assumption of superiority, for the purpose of overawing the credulous simplicity of the natives, and a most extraordinary timidity, which led them to suspect treachery and danger in quarters where they were least to be apprehended." But large allowances must be made for the precarious position of a handful of Europeans living in the midst of a hostile and
* I have taken this inscription as I found it translated in D'Almeida's " Life in Java," from which I have also abridged the story.