Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent and Co., Ltd,
Text on page 235
THE IDEAS OF KU-HUNG-MING
caused by the mediocre men of the second period. This revolution began with the discontent, which, never ceasing, reached its zenith last September, by the nfl.t.ionfl.li7.ing of the railways (which in this caseaallow me the wordacould be called foreignization), imposed upon us by the foreign financiers.
a The protest burst out in Szechuen, and the populace, taking advantage of the uprising, seized the power, so that the actual period can be called that of China Canaille!a (Actual words.)
a The word canaille is a little strong. What do you really mean by canaille ? a
aIn an ordinary society there are really only two classes : the educated and the uneducated ; but during a period of transition, a third one rises up, which, vulgar and stuffed with badly assimilated knowledge, wants to govern without any political capacity. a The so-called Reform Party, which has caused a revolution in China, is simply composed of Chinese, who have but badly digested European education, and who can very well be compared with the Party of the Young Turks (here I have probably come to a conclusion which you probably did not expect). In my opinion the Young Turks and the Chinese of the revolution have all the characteristics of the canaille.
aAnd when this canaille (I only mean now the Young Turks) becomes a danger to the civilization of the world, and irritates with provocations of every kind a noble neighbouring nation, it is quite right that this noble nation should arise as castigator and give to the Young Turks canaille a salutary lesson.
a Italy through this war not only once again becomes mistress of the old Roman possessions, but fulfils a magnificent work of civilization.a