Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent and Co., Ltd,
Text on page 146
SIAM AND CHINA
a But few people in China interest themselves with Socialism; yet we must look further ahead than the actual moment. One must oppose calamities ere they reach us, it thus being possible to be forearmed. If one waits for misfortune to enfeeble, it is very difficult to overcome its effects.
a The social question in Europe and America is exceedingly difficult to arrange, and though the matter does not at present affect China, it will become of importance in the future. It will then be impossible to settle it without an economical revolution. Revolutions, however, are not made unless one is compelled, and an economical revolution, after the anti-dynastic one and after the change of politic regime, would be disastrous for the people.
aWe must, then, during our political revolution, better the social condition in such a way that an economical revolution be impeded in the future. This is one of our most important duties.
a In fact our aim is not only to establish a democracy, but to entirely change the social condition. For Europe and America it is very difficultawith China it is easier.
a If Europe and America are unable to settle the social question, it is because they have not even resolved the agrarian one, and have not regulated the value of the land in a definite way.
a To sum up, the aim of our revolution is to assure the happiness of all. We want the revolution of independence, because we refuse to bear the yoke of a handful of Manchus. We want the political revolution because it cannot be admitted that one man alone should enjoy all privileges. We want the social revolution, because it is unjust that a few capitalists should monopolize the entire resources of the country.
, a If all three goals are not reached we shall not have realized