IN THE HILL COUNTRY
way of the land, the honour of the land," as the Dutch proverb puts it.
On the point of etiquette, the Javanese, moreover, are infinitely more punctilious than any western people of our period. I believe they might even be said to surpass the Spaniards of the time of Philip II, in the elaborateness of their code of manners and in their strict adherence to its requirements. Every possibL circumstance and occurrence in life have been foreseen,
and the appropriate conduct noted down in the unwritten law of the a adata ; the attitude, the gesture, and the set phrase, are alle prescribed, down to the smallest detail. Nor is it a question of phraseology only; the very language is subject to the regulations of _the adat, which distinguishes three separate and altogether different kinds of Javanese, according as a man speaks to his superior, his equal, or his inferior. For speech to one higher in rank, there is the a Kromoa ; commands to a subordinate are given in a Ngokoa ;