SURVEYING AND EXPLORING IN SIAM.
ravaged by the Burmese under a king whose name was Pra ChaA Raja (a the rata ), who ruled at Hongsawadi (Pegu).
Little is known of the history of Chieng Kwang. Its early inhabit" ants, if not powerful, must at least have been industrious. Now the population belongs to the ordinary Lao stock of Luang Prabang, with precisely the same written and oral language.
The Siamese and Lao are of one race, with a common language and the same type of countenance. It would be impossible, in a mixed crowd, to say which were Lao and which Siamese.
Leaving Chieng Kwang, we crossed broad paddy-lands, which being boggy, caused considerable trouble to the elephants. The
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IN MUANG PUAN.
heavy creatures kept sinking and struggling, until the clever Sianiese provided them with a firmer footing. This they did by slitting allt weaving together some bamboos into a mat, which they stretcbe over the bog and pegged down. Over this fragile bridge the anim*ds passed in comfort, apparently grateful for the relief which had bee11 afforded them.
Struggling over a hill and through nasty jungle, we crossed a spur and saw stretched before us Muang Fang.
The features of the region were similar to those with which were already familiar ; the fields were abandoned, and there was not a trace of human habitation. Again and again we swept the countO with our glasses, but to no purpose.