SURVEYING AND EXPLORING IN SIAM.
Chieng Tonga this last comprises the districts at the head of Nam U, in which are the famous tea-gardens of I Bang and I ^ ua The gardens are entirely under the management of Chinese, who are governed by officials elected by themselves. The Lus have thel1 own governors, who hold their commissions from the Chief of Chie^o Rung. On the east of the Me Kawng there are five statesa La La Tai, Pong, Hing and Chieng Kong, and U. La Tai is near Muall= Sing, and the district is famous for its salt-wells. The best well called Bawr He, and the salt is only about 10 feet below the surfacej
On the west of the Me Kawng there are several statesa Hai A n Ling, Wang and Pong, Pan and Chieng Lo, Ngot and Ong, Mang, Long. The capital, Chieng Rung, or A lave, has jurisdict100 east and west of the Me Kawng; the western divisions being eA na Ham, and Hun; the eastern divisions Num and Wen.
I met Luang Pu Wat Sa Tan, who brought with him money, aB enabled me to pay off the carriers from the Nan jurisdiction. also turned up, connecting his traverse from Sai with mine, pushed on and encamped at Ban Kaw Noi. The path was an e one, and much used, passing over hills, with settlements of Meo, and Kamu in every direction. We met a number of ponies ^ mules, laden with raw cotton, on their way to Yunan. At ^ village there was a guard-station. Whatever may be said of ^ administration of Luang Prabang, the people certainly enjoye ^ sense of security foreign to them eight years before, and out ot c ^ the commissioner had established systematic order, which was evi throughout the province. It was said the people were over-ta
I understood there was a poll-tax of four rupees on all adult mai and no other taxes; and, while corvee labour and gambling 'v
abolished, the consumption of opium and spirits was bring contr