SURVEYING AND EXPLORING IN SIAM.
a Nawng Kai man, and to the Luang Prabang chief he paid territorial tax, the amount of which was usually double that of the personal-The Nawng Kai people settled in Luang Prabang paid two rupees a year to the Governor of Nawng Kai, but their children became Luang Prabang citizens.
A still worse institution was that of one man holding jurisdiction over territory that belonged to different kingdoms. Thus the ChaA of Lai was the governor of territory, portions of which were under China, Siam, and Anam (called Sae Sam Fai, or tributary in tluee directions). This arrangement gave rise to great complications.
BODYGUARD OF KAI TONG. PR A SA WA.
was established in the fifties, when the Chief of Luang Prabang:
Luang Serm, sent 1000 men to help in the settlement.
The late old Chief of Luang Prabang invested the Chao ot ** with powers for the administration of that portion of Sibsawng Tai (twelve provinces of Tai), which lies on the right bank of ^ Nam Te (Black river), and the Chao was always in trouble throws resisting Anamite attempts at encroachment. Up to the adve of the Haw all had been peaceful, and Luang Prabang collected 1
revenues even from the Anamite settlers; for, as the old chief tA me, had they not paid the taxes they would not have been allA ^e to settle. When Wieng Chan rebelled there was a period of trout*