Photo-Engravers and Printers G. Kolff,
Text on page 269
Situated at the straits of Bali, the island adjacent to Java it is the port from where passengers embark for West Australia as the steamers of the West Australian Joint Service mostly make this port their last port of call in Java. It has nothing of interest. But the Idjen Plateau may be reached from here going via Litjen and the crater lake Kawah Idjen. As from here this is however a strenuous trip and the plateau may better be reached from Bondowoso, no further mention need be made of this excursion. Banjoewangi has a population of 24.599 of which 302 are Europeans.
Is the capital of the residency of Besoeki and a nicely laid out, pretty town. It is the starting place for the trip to the Idjen Plateau, Some beautiful drives may be had in its vicinity Is has a population of 14.616 of which 354 are Europeans. The excursion to the Idjen Plateau is mostly made from here.
The Idjen Plateau, is the bottom of an old crater, covering an area of 53000 acres and said to be the largest extinguished crater existing.
Like the sand sea near Tosari, it is surrounded by a crater wall in some places some 2000a high and from which ridge rise several tops, the principal being the Merapi to the East, the Ranti to the South East, the Raoen to the South West and the Ringgih to the North East. Of these the Raoen and Merapi are as yet active and especially the first named one sometimes emits large clouds of smoke.
It is situated at an elevation of 5500a a.s. and has a rather cool climate. It is reached from Bondowoso by motor car going via Soekasari it being possible to come as far as the resthouse of Sempol, on the West side of the Plateau, as however sometimes the road is not in a very good condition, it is always advisable to inquire in advance whether the road may be used by motor cars.
For a stay in the resthouse at Sempol, permission must be asked at least a week in advance to the Resident of Besoeki at Bondowoso.