Printed for the Hakluyt Society,
Text on page 210
MINISTERS OF THE SULTAN.
kings, his predecessors; these, though of a different line, are all held in honour and respect. Next, the great officers of the realm,1ato wit, the Quilague, whom we might call the king's
1 We are fortunate enough to possess tolerably full lists of the ministers composing the a Cabineta of the Sultan, at periods covering the last five hundred years; and it will be seen that the offices and their respective status have been altered, probably from the like causes of the necessities of the times, as our own high offices of State. The authorities as to those offices are the same as for other events of Maldive history, viz., Ibn Batuta (a.d. 1344), Pyrard (1602-9), Christopher (1835), and Mr. Bell at the present day.
I. Ibn Batuta (see below, App. A) gives the following offices :a
1. Calaky Grand Vizier or Sultanas Lieutenant.
2. Fandayarkalou The Kedi.
3. Hendidjery... Preacher.
4. Famelddry...... Chief of the Treasury.
5. Mdfdcalou...... Receiver General of Revenue.
6. Fitndyec ...... Minister of Police.
7. Mdndyec ...... Admiral.
8. Deherd ...... General of the Army.
After describing the offices of the first seven, he says, a All these have the title of Vizier.a The eighth is mentioned incidentally in his subsequent narrative as a Vizier.
ii. Pyrardas list of dignities is as follows :a
1. Quilague (Kilage). Same as Ibn Bat.
2. Parenas (Fdrund, and in southern atolls, more correctly, Fdrhind). Not traced in other lists; no distinctive duties assigned. The title is now given to the Regent or Lieut.-General.
3. Endequery. The same in title, but not in functions, as Ibn. Bat., 3.
4. Velannas (Veldnd). Admiral: under hima
(a) two deputies called Mirvaires (Miru Baharu).
5. Dorimenaz (Dorhimend). General of the Militia.
(a) Acouraz (Hakurd), his lieutenant.
6. Manpas (Mafai). Chancellor ; cf. Ibn Bat., 5.
7. Carans (Karani). Secretary.
8. Mas bandery (Md badery). Intendant of Finance; probably cor-
responding to the Auditor-General of British colonies.
9. Bans bandery (Ran baderi). Treasurer.
iii. Christopher, in 1834, found a Cabinet of six Viziers, whose titles are given here according to the more correct spelling of Mr. Belliii. Christopher, in 1834, found a Cabinet of six Viziers, whose titles are given here according to the more correct spelling of Mr. Bell