with the whole Archipelago, except to some degree with Java, before the arrival of Europeans. The chief place of trade is Ampenan, on the western coast, and shore of the strait which divides Lomboc from Bali, although but an open road. Labuhan Tring (probably Labuhan-pring, abamboo harboura), on the same coast, is a land-locked harbour, and secure against all winds, but cannot be used, except occasionally as a port of'refuge, on account of its insalubrity, a quality which within the tropics belongs to most harbours of the same nature. The town of Ampenan consists of four different quarters, or kampungs, called after their respective inhabitants, the Sasaks, the Balinese, the Bugis, and the Malays. Shipping obtain at it, in abundance and cheapness, wood and water, with refreshments, consisting of oxen, hogs, poultry, rice, farinaceous roots, and excellent fruits. Whalers, and other European and American shipping repair to it for this purpose.
The Sasaks have adopted the Mahommedan religion, but when, or by whom they were converted they cannot tell. Before its adoption they had professed the same kind of Hinduism as the people of Bali now do, and as did the Javanese up to the close of the 15th century. They are, however, very far from being rigid Moslems, aa evinced by their decided predilection for strong potations, a license in which they agree with the Hinduised population of Bali.
At the beginning of the present century, Lomboc, which had been divided into four native principalities, was subdued by the princes of Karang-asam, in Bali. In order to effect the conquest, it was only necessary to cross the narrow channel which divides the two islands. Although no longer subject to the state that effected the conquest, the Sasaks are still ruled by a prince of the family of Karang-asam, and the Balinese are the ruling nation of the island, holding the Sasaks in subjection, although near twenty times their own number,aan unique example of a people professing Hinduism conquering and holding in permanent subjection one professing Mahommedanism. The residence of the Balinese king of Lomboc is called Mataram, the name of a metropolitan province of Java, once of considerable reputation. It is situated about three miles inland from the port of Ampenan, and two from the nearest part of the western coast. Most of the Balinese are settled in or near it, and if this be the case, and their numbers are correctly given, its population would not be less than 20,000. M. Zollinger, who visited the place, and from whom I take most of my account of Lomboc, gives the following account of it:aa The present capital of the kingdom is Mataram, three miles distant from Ampenan, and two miles in a straight direction from the coast. From the last-named place we proceed along the coast, and then cross a river, when we find ourselves on a beautiful road more than forty feet broad, planted with an avenue of wild fig trees, which runs all the way to Mataram. This town is surrounded by a bamboo hedge. The four entrances or principal gates are closed during the nieht with a kind of bamboo barricade, such as the Dutch call Friesland horses. All the streets and paths intersect each other at right angles, and the two mam ones cross each other in the very centre of the town, and between the two palaces of the Raja. These so-called palaces are built of brick, and have externally nothing peculiar or impressive. The other houses are in large squares, parted from each other by mud walls. The houses themselves are built of the same material, and agree entirely with those of the island of Bali. They are thatched with grass or palmetto leaf.a a To the north of Mataram, at a distance of two miles, we find Gunung-rata (lqyel-mount) at the foot of a range of mountains. This is a fine large park, with a small pleasure house, a deer paddock, beautiful gardens, fruit trees, and woods planted on hillsa all the work of menas hands.a
LOMPO-BATANG. The name of the highest mountain of Celebes, situated in the province of Boelocomba, in the south-western peninsula of the island, about 40 miles from the town of Macassar, and in south latitude 5 12. Its computed height is 8000 feet above the level of the sea, which is by about one-third short of that of the highest mountains of Sumatra, Java, Bali, and Lomboc.
LONTAR. The Malay name of the Palmyra palm, or Borassus flabelliformis. This is a slight corruption of the Javanese one, rontal, compounded of the native word ron a leaf, and tal or tar, the Sanscrit name of this palm. The compounded word is equivalent to the Hindu one, talpat. The name of the tree is evidently derived from the leaf which was the writing material of all the nations of the Archipelago before the introduction of paper, and still continues to be so of some of them.
LOORY, but oorreotly Nuri in Malay, and Nori in Javanese, is the generio name for parrot/* The sub-family of parrots, to which naturalists have given the nameLOORY, but oorreotly Nuri in Malay, and Nori in Javanese, is the generio name for parrot/* The sub-family of parrots, to which naturalists have given the name