L.EYTE. The name of one of those Philippine Islands called by the Spaniards the Bisayas. It lies west of Samar, east of Bohol and Qebu, and north of Mindano, between north latitude 9A 49' and 11A 34', and east longitudes 124A 7', and 125A 9'. Its extreme length is 102*6, and its greatest breadth 46-8 geographical miles. Its computed area is 3641 geographical square miles, and it has a coast line with many bays, creeks and harbours, of 342 geographical miles. Its surface is generally mountainous, but it contains, notwithstanding, Beveral large and fruitful valleys. The prevailing geological formation is volcanic, and several of the mountains are the extinct craters of volcanos, in which are found sulphur and other products of volcanic action, with, it is stated, quantities of fossil shells of brilliant hues. As, however, gold and iron ore are said to abound in the island, it seems probable that a portion of it is of Plutonic and sedimentary formation. The mountains are covered with forest, among the trees of which is that which yields damar, the a breaa or pitch of the Spaniards, for the production of which Leyte is the most remarkable of the whole Philippines. All the kinds of game and all the larger wild animals of the other large islandsathe buffalo exceptedaare found in the forests of Leyte. The climate although hot and liable to hurricanes is healthy. The rivers are small and unfit for navigation, but extensively applied to irrigation. There are two considerable lakes, that of Bito, with a circumference of leagues in latitude 10A 50', and that of Jaro with one of 44 in latitude 11A 8'. The chief productions of Leyte are rice, wheat in the higher lands, cotton, abaca, indigo, black pepper, coffee, cacoa, and sugarcane.
Leyte is also the name of one of the 34 provinces of the Philippines, which, besides the island of this name, includes the small ones Panamao, Maripipi, Pantahon, and Biliran with the Camotes Isles. The whole of the inhabitants of this province are of the Bisaya nation, speak the language which goes under this name, and with the exception of a few tribes of mountaineers of the principal island, are of the Malayan race and have loug been converted to Christianity. In recent times the progress of population has been very remarkable. In 1735, although the province then included the large island of Samar, the whole population was no more than 53,239, and in 1798, still including Samar, it had decreased to 52,955. ^This was in consequence of the frequent incursions of the Mahometan pirates of Mindano, Borneo, aud Suluk, by which the property of the inhabitants was pillaged or destroyed and themselves carried into captivity. In 1798 however Samar was parted from Leyte, and erected into a separate province, and the population which Sen remained to Leyte was 35,433. In 1818 this number had increased to 40,623, in 1845 to 89,322, and in 1850 to 112,937, making an increase of better than 200 per cent, in 52 years, ascribable to the vigorous measures taken by the Spanish government for the suppression of Moorish piracy, and the Bcope which a fertile Boil and abundant land afforded for a rapid development of population. The province consists of 14 townships, and has 24,916 persons contributing to the poll-tax, which in 1850 amounted to 249,160 reals of plate. The seat of the local administration is Tacloban, a town of 2494 inhabitants, situated at the north-eastern angle of the main island, and on the Bhore of the very narrow strait which divides it from the island of Samar. The best harbour of Leyte goes under its own name, and is at its northern extremity, between it and the island of Panamao.
LIGNUM ALOES, or EAGLE-WOOD. See Agila,
UGOK, is the Malay name of a Siamese province, called by the Siamese Lekon. It is the portion of the Siamese territory which lies nearest the country of the Malays on the western side of the Peninsula, bordering there on the principality of Queda. Geographically, indeed, it forms a portion of the peninsula, as does Sungora, another Siamese province, on its eastern side. The population is scanty and poor, the majority consisting of Siamese, with a considerable number of Malays, and a mixed race of these two called in Malay Samsam, with a few Chinese.
KMASAGUA, the name of an islet lying in the Straits of Suriago, or the channel which lies between the islands of Leyte and Mindano. This is the Massana of Pigafetta, and the first place in the Philippines, at which Magellan touched and where he was hospitably received. Although cultivated and peopled at the time of the discovery, it is now an uninhabited desert. From its position, so far south, it is evident that Magellan must have passed through the greater number of the Philippine islands, without seeing them, or being aware of their existence.
LINAO. The name of a considerable lake in the interior of the island of Mindano, whicji discharges itself by a large river, the Butuan, which falls by two mouths intoLINAO. The name of a considerable lake in the interior of the island of Mindano, whicji discharges itself by a large river, the Butuan, which falls by two mouths into