FROM TONKIN TO INDIA
to take the weight. Whenever they saw us they turned their backs and plunged into the thicket.
At a distance these natives in their monochrome of blue-black presented a sombre appearance. We photographed a few Hou-Nis in one of their villages at Ba-kopo. They call themselves a Hou-Nia,a but scarcely sound the aa.a Their women are valued
at from sixteen to thirty-six taels, and the rich have two wives. They inter their dead, and mark their mourning by a strip of white linen on the head. Their religion is the worship of ancestors. They rent the ground for tillage from the district of
Chinese Girl before her House.
Kai-hoa, but they have no other impost than this land tax. The Government gives them a Chinese chief, who resides at Koate; and they have also a headman of their own of less importance, to whom they give the title atien-ni.a Interrogated as to manuscripts, they replied that they had none of their own and knew no characters but Chinese. They had a musical instrument, a three-stringed guitar, from which they get a very soft tone.