London, New York:
Field and Tuer [etc]; Scribner and Welford,
Text on page 378
AMONGST THE SHANS.
commerce with this enterprising people, and bring the products of Yunnan direct to British Burmah and Rangoon a
In 1881 Sir Arthur Phayre said : a The great object of establishing and maintaining a direct trade with Yunnan has not been accomplished,a and a the inland trade of British Burmah with Independent Burmah and the Shan States is only yet in its infancy, but it has made great strides within the last few years.a
From Chamber of Commerce Journal, June $th, 1883.
France and England in Indo-China.aThis Journal was one of the first organs of the British press to direct public attention to the commercial value of Mr. A. R. Colquhounas travels 1 in Indo-China. When we first discussed the possibility of opening up the Shan States and the Yunnan provinces to trade, by the creation of a railway, the question appeared to be simply an economical one for the consideration of Eastern and particularly of Indian and Burmese merchants. Since December last, however, the matter has entered on a new phase The agitation which M. Dupuis has carried on for many years in France has at last borne fruit, and in conjunction with a somewhat feverish Colonial policy which has caused France to undertake simultaneous a opt rations a in Senegal, in Ashantee, on the Senegal, the Niger, and the Congo, in Madagascar, and in Tonquin, our interests in Indo-China would appear to be politically compromised.
Apart, however, from commercial relations, there is also a political aspect in the French expedition, of which this country must not lose sight. It is decidedly menacing to Siam. It is well known that France secretly desires to compensate herself in Indo-China for the place of which we deprived her in India.
England has every interest in protecting the integrity of the Siamese kingdom. The king of Siam understands our policy in India, Burmah, and the Malay Peninsula; he is entirely satisfied with the peaceful object of our rule, and, we believe, disposed to co-operate with us both politically and economically. In this respect both the king, the Siamese, and the Shans compare favourably with King Theebau of Native Burmah, who has, of late, given us so much
1 See the Chamber of Commerce Journal Nos. 9 and 10.1 See the Chamber of Commerce Journal Nos. 9 and 10.