London, New York:
Field and Tuer [etc]; Scribner and Welford,
Text on page 296
296 AMONGST THE SHANS
thousand rupees, and the second ten thousand. The a monopoly for gambling applies to the keeping of betting and gambling houses for the public. The chaos and officials can play and bet as much as they like in their private houses, a practice largely followed. The poorer classes gamble to distraction, and it is common for a man to lose more than he and his possessions are worth, and to have to liquidate by the sale of the whole family. Even Monte Carlo cannot beat that. The a Hell a of the European gambler is a Heaven a in comparison with that of the hapless Yun Shan. The gambling is farmed by Chinamen. Opium is another curse of the country. Having paid for the monopoly, the Chinaman, like all purveyors to the public, does his utmost to create an appetite for his wares; he is said to entice young lads from their villages, deprave them with the drug, and send them back with such a supply as will lead a number of the villagers to become his regular customers. Once the taste is acquired by the Indo-Chinese, it is next to impossible to wean them from it; they will rob, and even murder, to acquire the wherewithal to satisfy their craving. The truth of this is well known to our police officers in Burmah, who would be much less troubled with dacoities if the consumption of opium was entirely put a stop to. Of course the prevention of its being publicly sold would lead to smuggling, whatever punishment might be inflicted, as the depraved appetite once formed will be satisfied at any cost.
Whatever their vices may be, the Shans are aWhatever their vices may be, the Shans are a