THE BRITISH EMPIRE.
the following table, which shows the area, population, revenue (with its increase), expenditure, volume of trade (with its increase), and the present credit or debit balance in the assets and liabilities of each State. With two exceptions marked below the figures are all taken from the Residentsa reports for the year 1893.
Area square miles. Popula- tion (1891) Revenue Dollars. In- CREASE OVER 1892. 'Expendi- ture. Dollars. Total Trade. Dollars. In- GREASE OVER 1892. Assets and Liabili- ties. Dollars.
Perak .......... 10,000 214,254 8,084,094 844,528 2,895,589 24,687,928 2,968,124 + 444,584
Selangor ...... 8,500 81,592 2,765,851 629,908 2,605,588 19,546,459 4,092,875 +1,090,28A
SUNGEI UJONG and Jelebu .. 1,660 28,602 888,976 84,972 876,562 4,804,107 622,617 - 195,689
Pahang ........ 10,000 57,462 88,688 88,644 278,892 (1892) 672,869 a - 948,700
Negri Sembilan . 2,000 41,617 180,988 12,989 182,067 No returns. a - 257,854
From this table it will be seen that Perak * is at the head of the Protected States. Its area is much greater than any except Pahang, its population is nearly three times that of any other, and its revenue and volume of trade are much larger. Its credit balance has been reduced chiefly by heavy and at present unproductive expenditure in extending its railway system, of which sixty-eight miles are now open for traffic. Perak has been called the a child of Penang,a but much more truly should it be called the child of the two enlightened men who have in turn directed its administration, first, Sir Hugh Low, and from 1884 to 1886, and from 1889 to the present time, Mr. F. A. Swettenham. The former of these set Perak on the right road, and to the foresight and administrative ability of the latter the present happy condition of the State is largely due. Mr. Swettenham has been connected with Perak since it
* The word perak (of which the last letter is not pronounced) in Malay means a silver.a There is, however, no silver found in the State, and the word is supposed to refer to the silver-like nii sses of tin which are its principal product.