EMBASSY TO SIAM
in 1824, near 2000 tons; in 1825, better than 3000 tons; and in 1826, above 4000.
Opium forms a most important article of the trade of Singapore: in 1823, the exports amounted to 69,300 lbs.; in 1824, to 144,900 lbs.; in 1825, to 120,675 lbs.; and in 1826, to 126,650 lbs. In the largest of these exportations, the value of the drug amounted to 1,118,636 Spanish dollars.
Singapore, as already stated, has become a place of depot for some of the staple production of China. These are cassia, camphor, nankeens, and' raw silk. In consequence of the monopoly of the East India Company, it is impracticable to make direct remittances to Europe from China, except by sending such portions of the produce of that country as may be dealt in according to law, indirectly to Europe through an Indian port. Goods used to be sent with this view by the circuitous routs of Madras, Calcutta, and Bombay. They are at present sent, in much larger quantities, by the more convenient channel of Singapore. In 1825, the quantity of cassia exported was 219,676 lbs., and of raw silk 136,900 lbs.
The staple articles which connect the commerce of Singapore with that of Europe, are cotton piece-goods, woollens, fire-arms, and ammunition, with iron. British cottons were exported, in 1823, to the extent of 172,500 pieces; in 1824, to the extent of 143,300 pieces; in 1825, to the extent of 153,035 pieces; in 1826, in consequence of the general depression of trade attending that period, the exports fell off to 101,765 pieces. I may take this opportunity of mentioning, that the whole exports of cotton goods, whether of Great Britain, Continental India, or the Malayan Islands, in 1825, were no less than 404,355. In 1823, the quantity of British woollens exported from Singapore was only 784 pieces ; on the average of the years 1824 and 25, they had increased to 3336 pieces.
A free trade with the Indians, in fire-arms and ammunition, was unknown until the establishment of Singapore ; indeed, as far as concerned our old settlements, whether the prohibition was politic or otherwise, such a traffic was contrary to law. In 1823, there were exported from Singapore