EMBASSY TO SIAM
the exportations of this branch are disseminated the products of Europe and the continent of India, already referred to. In this traffic is to be included the trade carried on between Singapore and the neighbouring European settlements of Penang, Malacca, Rio, and Palembang, in small craft of European construction. In 1825, there cleared out from Singapore, for these different places, about seventy sail of this class; and in 1826, no less than one hundred and fourteen.
A few remarks upon some of the staple articles will show, in an interesting point of view, the extent, value, and progressive increase of the trade of the place. I shall refer to the exports, as affording the most correct index of the actual trade.
In 1822, the quantity of pepper exported was 2,327,000 lbs.; in 1823, 4,672,500 lbs.; in 1824, it fell to 3,104,400 lbs; in 1825, it rose to 5,272,850 lbs.; and in the following year it was nearly the same amount. The export of sugar in 1823 was 27,415 cwts.; in 1824 it was 20,000 cwts.; in 1825, 3 fc600 cwts.; and in 1826, 27,500 cwts. All the best of this commodity is imported from Siam, and, as mentioned in another place, is manufactured by the Chinese: it is equal in quality to the best sugars of Bengal, which are in very small quantity, and much superior to the generality of the produce of that country. Were the prohibitory duties in Great Britain taken off, such a measure would tend incalculably to the local prosperity of the settlement, the benefit of the consumer, and the general interests of British trade, manufactures, and navigation. In 1823, the exportation of tin was about 22,000 cwts.; in 1824, it was about
20,000 cwts.; in 1825, it fell to about 14,800; and in 1826, rose again to about 24,600 cwts., or 1230 tons. The exportation of coffee, in the year 1823, was 6134 cwts.; in 1824, it was about 5000 cwts.; in 1825, it was about 4300 cwts.; and in 1826, it rose to better than 31,000 cwts. Some of this produce is brought from the heart of Sumatra, from Celebes, and the Malay peninsula; and of this a great portion owes its growth to the