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into two sectionsa East and Westa and the actual working of the two systems is controlled by a manager for each division, supervised by an official, termed chief inspector, who is responsible for all railway matters in connection with the Government. Besides the railways in Java an extensive steam tram service is maintained, which acts as feeders to the railroads, and these are the means of opening up large tracts of rich country. Owing to the natural difficulties encountered the main roads are made use of. A very efficient and cheap service is provided.
Wtotv: Kurkiljimn, Svuraba//a
Curved Bridge on Preanger Line.
With the exception of Sumatra, no other islands in the Dutch East Indies possess railways as yet. In Sumatra three systems are found. On the West Coast a State line runs northwards to the Government coal fields at Oembilin, a portion of which is a rack-a-rail.
On the East Coast, the Deli Spoorweg Maatschappij have a private railway line, in order to deal with the large trade which their tobacco industry has created, the line between Belawan, connecting the port with Medan, being the first to be constructed. The tramway to Achin is owned by the Government and comprises the third system. This line was built solely for military purposes to provide a quick transport for troops.