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the rack-rail system commences and, as the engine is attached to the rear of the train, an uninterrupted view of the magnificent scenery is obtained Irom the leading carriage. Just before reaching Padang Pandjang the imposing volcano, Merapi, is observed. The small town, lying on a plain almost destitute of trees, possesses a comfortable, though small, hotel (Merapi) and a fine little military club, an introduction to which may be obtained from the Assistant-Resident. Many interesting excursions can be made to the beauty spots in the vicinity. The climate is all that can be desired and the morning walks in the cool invigorating mountain air most enjoyable. Wishing to ascend the Merapi, notice should be given to the Laras, chief of the Soengei-Poera, at least one day in advance in order to provide coolies, guides and accommodation, as the night must be spent at a hut some distance from the summit of the mountain.
From Padang Pandjang the rack-rail runs north towards Fort de Kock, and taking train the visitor proceeds to Kota-Bahroe, where cars convey him some six miles to the chief's house (/5 return). From here the ascent of the volcano is begun through dense jungles, and just before dark, the hut (where the night is passed) is reached. After an early breakfast we push on again, and in two hours attain the summit, where we peep into the crater. Clouds of vapour rise from a depth of nearly 300 feet, and the .silence is broken by the dull roaring of the sulphur fumes in their ascent. From here a magnificent panorama unfolds itself and an uninterrupted view north, west, and south is obtained. The descent takes about three hours. A pleasant walk leads through the Aneh Pass to the Kandang-Ampat Station, returning by rail. Excursions can be made to the lake of Singkarah, to the springs and watering place, Mata Koetjing and to the Singglang mountain, north-east of the town. Resuming our trip northward to Fort de Kock through fine mountainous scenery and thickly populated districts the town is reached in about two hours. It is very prettily situated on a fertile plain, with huge mountains looming in the background. A large military encampment is established here, and the town possesses one hotel, a school for native teachers, a