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Text on page 99
The plants are grown in nurseries from seed, and at the beginning' of the rainy season are planted out, usually in holes two feet square, and well manured. The trees commence to bear fruit (berries) after two or three years, but abundant crops should not be looked for until the fifth
or sixth year. The intervening time is taken up by the care of the young trees ; suckers must be removed, all diseased or dead plants renewed by healthy, fresh ones, and the shrubs restricted in height by constant topping. Shade trees are planted at regular intervals, and the proper maintenance of the plantation goes on throughout the year. The trees ordinarily bear fruit three times a year, and the berries are plucked by numerous native women, conveyed to the factory and pulped by machinery to remove the fleshy substance which encloses them. After pulping, the be rry is thoroughly washed, dried, then moulded or stamped, and the husks removed by fans. This method, called the West Indian or Brazilian method, imparts a fine, bright appearance to the berry which
l\u rkdjian, Auumhaya.
Coffee (Robusta) The Berries.