Distributed gratis by the Royal Packet Steam Navigation Co. (K.P.M.),
Text on page 77
of these adverse conditions, it was not until the year 1808, during the Governorship of General Daendels, that a new city was established on the higher ground, about two miles distant, now known as Weltevreden, which has become the residential part of Batavia.
Both towns are traversed by an elaborate system of canals running from south to north, the water for which is obtained from the River Tjiliwoeng, originating in the mountains above Buitenzorg, some forty miles inland. These canals are built through the whole city, and finally discharge their waters into the ocean north of Batavia. The banks are well constructed, mostly of stone work, and at frequent intervals bridges span the stream ; steps conveniently arranged allow easy access to the water, and here hundreds of natives may be seen washing clothes, bathing and fishing. The colour of the water does not invite one to emulate them, and the visitor will rest content with the facilities prov ided by the leading hotels.
Batavia lias two railway stations, one belonging to the Government or "Staats-spoor," and the other to the Nederland Indische Spoor (N.I.S.), within a short distance of one another. From the Government station a line runs directly to the pretty suburb Meester Cornells, and another round Chinatown to Tanali Abang, then turning due east, connects with the line to Meester Cornelis at Struiswyk, thus completely encircling the town and the outlying suburbs. From the N.I.S. station a line running due south almost divides the circle, and after passing through the city, continues on to Buitenzorg, a short line branching off to Meester Cornelis. Steam and electric trams also run between the old and new towns, the former via Molenvliet, and Rijswijk to Meester Cornelis, and the latter running parallel to the State line, towards Meester Cornelis, for a considerable distance, turning abruptly westward, crosses the Tiljiwoeng near the Zoological Gardens, to Tanah Ahbang, and then north to the terminus opposite the "Harmonie Club." The fares are very moderate on both systems ; three classes of carriages are used, one being reserved for natives, or "inlanders," as they are called.
Old Batavia is the main business portion of the city, and here, fronting the Kali Besar on both sides, are the leading commercial houses. The principal points of interest to the visitor are: The Stadhuis (Town Hall), containing the offices of the Resident, Assistant-Resident, and other
Chinese Quarters, Batavia.