Department of Railways,
Text on page 501
CELEBES 36. Route. 501
ward appearance ol the city is like that of a great park. The houses, both of Europeans and natives, are built of wood, with grass-thatched roofs, and surrounded by gardens. At the landing-place on the coast, there is a long iron pier projecting into the harbour.
The section between the pier and the back of the mountain is the most important part of the city, with the custom-house, banks, and various commercial houses situated there. On the right-hand side of the coast from the pier there is the Amsterdam Fort, which is a noted one of its kind in this neighbourhood. It divides the city into twoa the European and the Chinese towns. At present, it is used as military barracks, but there is no guard stationed there. The European town contains the office of the Resident, the army hospital, and the hotels. As financial organs there are, as in Makassar, the Java Bank and the branches or agencies of other Dutch banks, through which drafts can easily be sent to Java or Singapore. The rates are higher than in Makassar. The population of the city is about 10,000, of whom about 600 are Europeans and about 3,000 Chinese, besides 300 Arabs. In the city, there are only a few perfect roads and the carriages also are few. There is, however, a special kind of dog-cart for use on the mountain roads. The government offices are connected by telephone ; but there are no public telephones, no electric light, gas, waterworks, etc.
There is a cable station by which it is possible to communicate through Borneo with Makassar. There is another line, which is controlled by the Germans and which is connected with the island of Yap. There are three roads from the city to outside districts. One leads to the inland table-land of Minahassa, a second to Kema on the coast behind, while the third goes to Likoepang on the N. point of the psninsula. Of these roads, the one to Minahassa gradually rises from the suburbs of Menado and after about 15 km. reaches the top of the table-land of Minahassa. From there it connects the city with Tomohon, Tondano, Amoerang, Tombatoe, etc., its
Hakbouk of Gokontalo, Celebes.