on the floors of their houses. They cultivate rice, sweet-potatoes, and sugar-cane.
Besides the five tribes above mentioned, the Mandayas (21,642) and Manobos j?A A 35) of Mindanao Island are two large tribes inhabiting the districts alons the upper and lower courses of the Agusan.
Chapter V. History.
The Philippine Islands were discovered in March, 1521, by Fernando Magellan (Hernando de Maghallanes), who landed in Cebu Island on April 7, in the course of his circumnavigation of the world, under commission from King Charles I. of Spain. lie entered into a treaty with the chief of Cebu, with whom he crossed over to the neighbouring island of Macton, where he was killed in a skirmish. His second-in-command, Juan Sebastian Elcano, now started home with the remnant of the expedition and reached Spain on September 6, 1522, by way of the Cape of Good Hope. Several expeditions were now dispatched by Spain for the conquest of the Islands. In 1542, Ruy Lopez de Villalobos led one of these expeditions and named Leyte and its neighbouring island the Islas I' ilipinas, in honour of the Crown Prince of Spain, afterwards Philip II- This is the origin of the present name of the archipelago. The foundation of the Spanish rule in the Philippines was, however, laid by Miguel Lopez de Legaspi,- a distinguished conquistador, whose later work in the Philippines 'entitles him to a place among 'he greatest of colonial pioneers.' Legaspi brought troops and P"ests (Augustinians). In April, 1565, he arrived at Cebu, which he made the headquarters of the Spanish rule. The capital was transferred to lloilo, Panay Island, in 1569, when he was appointed the Governor-General of the Philippines. From here he dispatched h's grandson, Juan de Salcedo, to Manila to get a foothold there, yhiiher, in 1571, the Government was transferred from lloilo.
Tbachkr and Students at Normal School.