Department of Railways,
Text on page 318
3i8 Route 23.
KUALA KAN G S All
November, and December are considered to be the most rainy months, and March, June, and July the driest months. The government is at Taiping, reached in three hours by train from Penang. From Taiping Ihe train takes one hour to Kuala Kangsar, where at Bukit Chandan is the residence of the Sultan of the State. The state became a British protectorate in 1874 and has since been administered under the supervision of the British Resident. The Council of State is composed of the Sultan and the highest Malay officials, the British Resident and his secretary, one unofficial English, and four Chinese, committees.
The vicinity of Ipoh and the Kinta district are the famous tin-producing districts of the peninsula. This industry is now carried on by the most developed scientific method. Once Larut was noted also as a tin-producing district, but it is fast declining According to the report of 1913, the total amount of tin produced in the state was 493,967 piculs, and its value 849,077,500. Recently th- rubber industry has gradually increased in this state, and there are several extensive plantations in Matang a sub-district of Larut. Along its coast the fishing industry is prosperous. In 1913 the total area of rubber plantations was 300,114 acres, of which 146,649 acres are merely prepared and 48,765 acres are alieady producing. The amount of production was 7,660 tons. In the same year the total area of coconut groves was 90,650 acres
The norther.i part of the state, callei Upper Perak, is as yet little developed. But, jince the F.M.S. Railway, which runs through the state and has also a branch line to an important port, Teluk Anson, is already in full operation, its rapid future development is expected. There is also a frequent steamship service between it and Singapore and Penang. The total mileage of the roads of the state is over 750 m. Telegraph and telephone services extend throughout the state. In 1913 the total population was 531,000.
Elephants Awaiting Shipment.
Kuala Kangsar (411 m. from Singapore; with a government rest-house) is situated at the junction of the Kangsar with the Perak. It is a quiet city, shaded everywhere by coconut-palms and contains the residential places of the Sultan of Perak, and also the villa oA the British High Commissioner. The latter is a modern building and stands on a high bluff, which commands an extensive view of