Department of Railways,
Text on page 156
Route XIII. Hanoia Lang-sona Nam-quan,
by rail (167 km.).
The railway from Hanoi to Nam-quan, on the boundary of the Kwang-sl Province of China, is known as the Kwang-si Railway. It takes in en route the three important towns of Bac-ninh, Phu-lang-thuong, and Lang-son, all provincial capitals. Two through trains are operated daily from each end.
Hanoi to Distance Fare, 1st cl. Fare, 2nd cl. Hanoi to Distance Fare, 1st cl. Fare, 2nd cl.
km. $ $ km. A t
Gia-lam ...... 6 0.42 0.2Z Lang-nac ... 119 8.33 4-'7
Yen-viA n ...... IX 0.7 7 0-39 Lang-son 148 10.36 5.18
Bac-ninh ...... 39 3 03 I.02 Dongklang ... 163 11.41 5-7i
Thi-cA u ...... 33 A 2-3I 1.16 Nam-quan ... 167 11.69 5-85
Phu-lang-thuong 49 3*43 I.72
Ven-viA n (10.9 km., see P. 149). To the left runs the railway to Yun-nan and to the right at a distance of about 800 metres is the Canal des Rapides. This canal connects the Red River with the Thai-binh and is intended to reduce the distance between Hanoi and Hai-phong by nearly one-half of the usual river route. Unfortunately the canal is practically useless, since it is not navigable except when the rivers are flooded, and even then only with difficulty, on account of the too rapid flow of the waters.
Bac-ninh (29 km. in 1 hr.), the capital of the province of the same name, is an important centre of trade, having a population of 10,000. Not only are the products of the immediate neighbourhood brought here for distribution, but also those from ICwang-si Province, China, via Cao-bang and Lang-son. In the city is a citadel (3 km. in circumference), in the Vauban style, constructed by French engineers at the request of the King of Annam, under the LA Dynasty.
Bac-ninh is a local centre of the Roman Catholic Mission, under the supervision of the Spanish bishop of Tongking. There are two well-known embroidery houses established here, which keep many skilful hands busily at work.
Thi-cA u (33 km.) is the place where people usually alight when going to Dap-cA u.
Dap-cA u (see P. 137), 1 km. from Tlii-cA u Station, and situated on the right bank 6f the Song CA u, is a small manufacturing town With bright prospects of growth as a trading centre. It is also a centre of the sericulture industry. The place enjoys many communication facilities, on account of its connection by means of rivers
a with Thai-nguyA n, Sept-Pagodes, Hai-phong, Hai-duong, and Phu-
Hotels: The two houses, Gouguenheim and Bourrin, are hotels besides having restaurants and cafA(c)s, room, $2 and upward, breakfast 25-30 cents, midday and evening meals, $1.50-1.70 each.