Department of Railways,
Text on page 149
Route XII. H noi-Lao kay-Yun-nan-fu,
by railway (761 km.).
The Hai-phong-Hanoi-Lao-kay-Yun-nan-fu Line is the famous Yun-nan Railway (total length 863 km.), managed by the Compagnie FranA aise des Chemins de Fer de 1' Indo-Chine et du Yun-nan. The line, traversing Tongking diagonally in a N.W. direction, crosses the River Claire in the neighbourhood of ViA(c)tri. The regions thus far passed consist entirely of delta plains, but the line now enters a mountainous region, for, from this point on, the tracks are laid on the W. side of a mountain range, (forming the watershed between the Red River and the River Claire), and quite close along the course of the former river as far as Lao-kay. After crossing the Chinese boundary, in the neighbourhood of Lao-kay, the line runs yet higher up, reiching an altitude of 1,700 to 2,000 metres, The route in these parts leads sometimes through thick primeval forests of semi-tropical luxuriance or sometimes along the ridges of precipitous cliffs, on the brink of ravines hundreds of feet deep,a the views from the train to the right and the left being ever-changing and interesting in the extreme.
The whole line is divided into four sectionsa (1) Hanoi-Hai-phong, (2^ Hanoi-Lao-kay, (3) Pho-moi (2 km. this side of Lao-kay)-A-mi-tcbA(c)ou, and (4) A-mi-tchA(c)ou-Yun-nan-fit. There is no through train from one end of the line to the other, but one daily train on each section, so that three days are needed in order to reach Yun-nan-fu from Hanoi. The traveller intending to cross the Chinese boundary should provide himself with a passport from the French Consulate at Ho-kA(c)ou (a Chinese city, close to Lao-kay), and if carrying fowling-pieces, a permit for the same. The passport and permit may be obtained by applying 36 hrs. in advance through the railway station of Haiphong or Hanoi or through the railway company's office in Hanoi. The com-any will go through all the formalities with the Consulate gratis, the fee to e paid the Consulate being for passports and $6 for permit to carry guns.
Hai-phong Dis- Fare, Fare, Hai-phong Dis- Fare, Fare,
to tance 1st cl. 2nd cl. to tance 1st cl. 2nd cl.
km. $ $ km. $ $
Yen-viA n...... lia. 7 5.10 3-57 Trait-hut 3A 3-6 10.53
XuA n-kiA u 117.8 5-35 3-75 Bao-ha ...... 339-A 17.27 11.93
DA ng-anh 122.9 5.60 3-92 Pho-moi..... 395-6 20.69 14.21
Thap-miA u 140.9 6.50 4-55 Lao-kay...... 397-8 20.81 14.29
Huong-canh ... 149 3 6.95 4.87 Ho-kA(c)ou 398.8 20.87 14-33
VA nh-yA n...... 155.2 7-25 5.08 Dragon Noir... 563-3 31.60 21.76
Bac-hat ...... 170.4 8.00 5.60 Pi-chc-tchai ... 576.4 3=44 22.34
ViA(c)tri ...... 174-3 8.20 5-7A A-mi-tchA(c)ou... 619.3 35-24 24.28
Phu-tho ...... 200.8 9-So 6.65 Yun-nan-fu ... 863.0 51.10 35-25
Yen-hay...... 257-t 12.35 8.65
Yen-vA A a (10.9 km., in J4 Here the line to Lang-son
(Kwang-si Railway) separates itself from the Yun-nan Line, taking a N.E. direction, while the other line keeps on the N.W. course.
XuA n kieu (16 km.) is the site of Co-loa, an old capital of Tongking, under Kfng An-duong (257-208 B.c.), the place having continued to be the seat of the Central Government till the time of King NgA -quyA n (939-944 A.D.). The Old Walls are still preserved, extending for a length of 7 km. Within the walls, on the site of old palace of King An-duong, stands the Temple Royal, a rare reminder of the early architecture of Tongking.