Department of Railways,
Text on page 142
142 Route 11. HANOI CITY.
with 200 marines on board, for the purpose of redressing those grievances. After futile negotiations, Gamier first occupied the Hanoi Citadel and afterwards a larger part of the delta region. The Annamese Government ostensibly sued for peace, while at the same time they were soliciting the aid of a guerilla force of Chinese bandits, known as the 'Black Flags.' With their aid the Annamese attacked the French, and Lieutenant Gamier lost his life in a skirmish. Whereupon the Governor of Cochin-China sent M. Philastre to settle matters by negotiation, and he succeeded in 1874 in concluding with the Annamese authorities a treaty of peace, according to which they agreed to open Hanoi, Hai-phong, and Qui-nhon to foreign trade, conferred on the French the right of navigation of the Red River, and agreed to set apart a concession in Hanoi where French troops might be stationed. But the terms of the treaty were not faithfully observed, as the Annamese Government was encouraged by a protest from Peking, where Tongking was claimed as a vassal state. In 1882, a second and much larger expedition was sent under Captain Henri RiviA re, who effectively seized Hanoi, and by the treaty of August 25, 1883, the Annamese Government finally agreed that Tongking should become a French protectorate. In 1886, M. Paul Bert arrived at Hanoi as the first governor of Tongking. . foreign Coiundate,a Portuguese (PI. 29, G 5), Rue Paul-Bert.
1'ost, Telegraph, and Telephone Offices: (1) Bureau Central (Pl. G4, 5), Square Paul-Bert; (2) Bureaux Secondaires, at the station (Gare Centrale) and the Grand Bouddha.
Telephone fee between Hai-phong and Hanoi,a 20 cents per 3 minutes' conversation.
Wireless Telegraph Station (Pl. II6), Bach-mai.
Botanical Garden, Hanoi.