84 Route 6. MANILA TO HONDAGUA Marinduque Is.
in deep canyons, and coconut palm plantations. Here is also the largest railway bridge on the island. At Siain (208 kin. from Paco Sta.) the majestic Pacific Ocean comes in full view, and thenceforward the line runs along the coast in full view of the sea, and, passing by Gumaca, an old port in Spanish times, Hondagua (8 km. from Siain) is finally reached. At Hondagua is a large pier, which forms the terminal of the line.
Hondagua (about 220 km.), as its name (meaning 'deep water') signifies is not only a deep port, but a capacious and well-protected one, owing to the presence of Alabat Island in the N.E. The port is also conveniently situated, facing towards the American continent and surrounded by the fertile districts of Luzon, particularly noted for the production of copra and hemp. The railway connection between Manila and Hondagua and the reawakening of the latter port have raised fresh hopes for the development of Tayabas Province to the N. and of provinces to the south. There are steamer connections with ports in these provinces.
riflrlnduqiic Is. (sub-province of), lying to the S. of Luzon, is mountainous, with very fertile valleys near the coast, 't he mountains are rich in timber. This was one of the places (others being Gapan, in Nueva Ecija, and Cagayan) where in the iSth century the Spanish Government, which adopted the tobacco monopoly system, permitted the cultivation of tobacco plants. Here also was established a dockyard, when Spanish ships on the high seas were menaced by the Dutch fleet. Originally the inhabitants were mostly Pintados (Visayans), but these have been since replaced in influence by Tagalogs. The chief towns are Santa Cruz, Boac, Mogpog, Torrijos, and Gasan, of which the first-named is the capital. Boac (Pop. 15,000) is a growing place. A first-class road run-, ning Close to the W. coast connects Mogpog on the N.W. coast with Buena-vista on the S.W. coast. Nippa and mangroves are produced in abundance, also excellent abacA, besides vegetables, fuel wood, rattan, etc. Area, 361 sq. m. Pop. 51,674 (1903).