6o Route 3. MANILA-NORTH LINE Pampajan.
The baths, situated at an elevation of 155 ft. above the sea-level and in the midst of beautiful surroundings (a forest abounding in deer and wild-fowl, which make excellent game), are cold sulphur springs, transparent and efficacious for intestinal diseases, especially those of a chronic catarrhal nature. The bath rooms are in a building distinct from the hotels, and a separate common bath-tank is provided for the general use of the natives. Near Sibul are some remarkable caves, and not far away, at the town of Angat, is a famous deposit of iron ore, from which are made crude ploughshares used in the Islands.
Malolos (37 km.; Pop. 13,000); is the capital of the Bulacan Province and was the seat of the short-lived insurrectionary government established by Aguinaldo (1898).
Bulacan is bounded by Nueva Ecija on the N., Tayabas on the E., Rizal and Manila Bay on the S., and Pampanga on the W. Its E. parts are mountainous, but the regious bordering on the Bay consist of low plains, which are but 4 ft. above the sea level, even at 20 in. from the coast. Deer and wild boar abound in the mountains.
Mineral springs are found both at Sibul Springs and at Norzagaray. Agriculture is flourishing; rice, sugar-cane, and corn are staples, rice being the most important. This region was formerly known as the ' Garden of the Philippines.' Among industries, sugar-milling is common ; in Hagonoy and environs is made a kind of cloth known as j'usi (or husi) cloth, woven from the fibres of Manila plantain and pine-apple leaves. The inhabitants are mostly Tagalogs, these constituting 99 per cent; among the rest are 400 Negritos who live scattered in the mountainous districts. Area, 1,173 ,n- Pop. 224,000 (a 9A 3)-
Calumpit (46 km.) is the largest market town (Pop. 14,000) in the island of Luzon, located on the bank of the Rio Grande de Pampanga. The next station is Apalit between which and Arayat, higher up the river, there has been constructed the Arnedo Dike in order to protect paddy-fields and sugar-cane plantations from inundations.
San Fernando (61 km. in 2yi hrs.) is the capital city (Pop. 14,000) of the province of Pampanga. From here a branch line starts to Florida Blanca in the W. (24 km. in length), and another branch, intended to extend to Arayat at the foot of Mt. Arayat in the E., is now under construction, and when completed will take in the towns of Mexico and Santa Ana.
A View op Lingaven Street.