Memoir of the life and public services of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles : particularly in the government of Java, 1811-1816, Bencoolen and its dependencies, 1817-1824 : with details of the commerce and resources of the eastern Archipelago, and selections from his correspondence, vol.1
- Raffles, Sophia, Lady
- Print Source:
- London: J. Duncan, 1835
- Publication Info:
- Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Library
- Table of Contents:
- Chapter I. Early Life of Mr. Raffles-Labours and relaxations-First tastes-Appointment under the new Government of Penang-Duties there-Goes to Malacca for his health-Malay literature-Paper on the Malayan nation-Woolly-haired people scattered among them-Game of chess-Orders for the destruction of Malacca-Countermanded on his representation-Native account of the Portuguese arrival at Malacca-The Dutch-Letter from Dr. Leyden."Chapter II. Mr. Raffles proceeds to Calcutta-Proposes expedition to Java-Lord Minto appoints him agent to collect information on the subject-Instructions of the Court of Directors to expel the French, and to give up the Island to the Natives-Consequences of such a measure-Lord Minto objects to it-Determines to proceed in person to Java-Letters of Dr.Leyden-His account of an excursion in the Malay Peninsula-Mr.Raffles reports to Lord Minto the result of his inquiries respecting Java, c.""Chapter III. Account of the Eastern Islands-Products of Borneo-Settlements of Europeans in the Island-Celebes-Traffic in slaves-Policy of the Dutch, different policy of the English-Dutch factory at Japan-Trade with-Vieurs connected with the acquisition of Java-Countries from the By of Bengal to New Holland-Proposed policy, chain of posts-Chinese in Java-Monopoly of farms, c.-Arabs, use they make of their religion-Americans, regulation of trade-Dutch orders respecting trade and navigation -Means taken to keep up their monopoly of spice-Cause of the failure of their trading ports-Former policy of the English objected to-Neglect of the British government-Dutch views of Colonies-Causes of deterioration of Malay countries-Laws, want of-Propagation of Christianity-Advantages likely to accrue to the British nation from the acquisition of java and the Eastern Isles.""Chapter IV. Lord Minto's great anxiety as to the passage from Malacca to Batavia - Naval men opposed to Mr. Raffles - Lord Minto confides in Mr. Raffles - New passage attempted - Arrival of Batavia -Mr. Raffles gives a sketch of the events which led to his being employed in the expedition - Establishment of the French power in Java - Sir Samuel Achmuty's account of the capture of Batavia, and the battle of Cornelis - Capitulation of the Island - Intercepted letters from Governor Jansens - Lord Minto's opinion of the value of the conquest - Death of Dr. Leyden - Lord Minto places Mr. Raffles in the government of Java - Leading principles of the Dutch government - Projected change of system - English Residents appointed at the native courts - Ancient temples - First Colony of Hindus - Upas poison - Journey to the Eastern district.""Chapter V. Expedition to Palembang - Arrival of the Troops - Gallantry of the attack - Horrors of the scene - Colonel Gillespie's account of the Sultan - Measures adopted by Colonel Gillespie - Sultan of Djocjocarta - Mr. Raffles collects troops, and proceeds to Samarang - Account of treaties with the Sultan - General confederacy of the native states - unexpected and fortunate return of Colonel Gillespie - Assault and capture of Djocjocarta - European power first paramount in Java.""Chapter VI. Difference of opinion between Colonel Gillespie and Mr. Raffles - Re-establishment of Society of Arts - Importance of connexion between Java and China to the East India Company's interests - Consequence of a King's government upon their monopoly - Lord Minto's anxiety to provide for Mr. Raffles, in the prospect of the island being transferred to the crown - Lord Minto's approval of the measures of government - Calling in depreciated paper - Promise of an official approbation - Account of the Colonies - Depreciated state of paper currency - want of specie - Lord Minto's return to England - His last letter on leaving Calcutta - Expedition to Sambas.""Chapter VII. General Nightingall appointed to relieve General Gillespie - General Gillespie brings charges gainst Mr. Raffles - Decision of the Court of Directors on them - Ancient characters on stones from the temples - Establishment of the improved system of government - Principles on which it was founded - Institutions of Majapahit, his division of society into classes - Mr. Raffles' reasons for introducing the change in the tenure of the land - His anxiety and fatigue during its progress - Support of General Nightingall - Eventual fate of java - Hesitation of supreme government to give any rule for the guidance of the government - Forced to act in every measure of importance, in consequence, on his own responsibility - Suppression of piracy - Slave-trade declared to be felony, by a Colonial Law - Can only be repealed by the mother country - Leading inhabitants concur, and regisitered their slaves - Mission to Japan - Opening of trade with it - Disapproved by the Bengal government - Approved by the Court of Directors."Chapter VIII. Domestic afflictions - Tour of the island for the benefit of his health - Native companions - Malay character - Origin of their race - Their literature - Civilization - The Moluccas - Celebes - Expedition to Bali and Macascar - People of Bali - Casts - Funeral ceremonies - Wives burning - Account of eruption of Tomboro mountain - Prospects of the Restoration of Java to the Dutch - Letter to Lord Buckingham on advantages of retaining it - Value of the Moluccas - Banca - Character of the East insular tribes - New government proposed for Java - Merits of the individuals employed - His own labours - Javanese language - Ancient sculpture and remains - Intention to write the History of Java - Review of his administration in Java - Close of it.Chapter IX. Mr. Raffles hears he is to be relieved in the Government - Residency of Bencoolen secured to him - Forced to return to England by ill health - Arrival of Mr. Fendall - Reception of him - General regret at Mr. Raffles' departure - Presentation of plate - Endeavours by a last memorial to secure justice to the native princes and people - The objects of their treaties with English - Objects neglected by the English Government - Island restored without conditions to the Dutch - Embarkation - State of mind on quitting Java - Extract from Captain Travers' Journal during the voyage - St. helena - Interview with Buonaparte - Arrival at Falmouth - Mines in Cornwall - Journey to London.Chapter X. Mr. Raffles appeals to the Court of Directors - Writes his History of Java - Princess Charlotte - Visits the Continent - Meditates the establishment of a society on the principle of the Jardin des Plantes - Is appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen and its dependencies - Embarks for India - Death of Princess Charlotte - Arrival in Sumatra - Description of the Settlement - Dispute with the Dutch Government - Earthquakes - State of Bencoolen - His habits of intercourse with the Natives."Chapter XI. Sir Stamford Raffles determines to penetrate into the interior of the country - First excursion to the Hill of Mists - Account of journey to Passumah - Discovery of gigantic flower - Vegetation of a funeral - Traces of ancient Hindu mythology - Description of the people - Small-pox - Fatigue of the journey - Descends in rafts - Return to Masna - Proceeds to Cawoor - Success of first attempt to cross the Island of Sumatra - Extract from Mr. Presgrave's Journal - Description of the sacred mountain - Disappointment in not reaching the crater - Return to Manna - Mountain's temperature - Large lake - Sufferings of the people for want of salt, prohibited by the Dutch Government - People of Pasumah Lebar - Descendants of the Javanese - Villages - Language - Religion."Chapter XII. Sir S. Raffles at Bencoolen - Proceeds to Padang - Is anxious to go to Menangkabu - Considered impracticable - Dangers represented - Determines to make the attempt - Difficulty of the road - Beauty of the country - Course up the river - Thermometer - Height of the mountain - Description of the Tiga Blas country and people - Houses - View of the Lake of Sincara - Description of it - Town of Simawang - Country compared to that of java - Arrival at Suruasa - Discovery of an inscription in the Kawi character - Description of Menangkabu - Hindu image similar to those of Java - Height of the city - Return to the Lake - Description of crossing it - Minerals - Vegetables - Agriculture - return to Bencoolen - Death of Dr. Arnold.